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Labour & Employement

Ms. Gauri Kumar


Decent Working Conditions and Improved Quality of Life of Workers, Ensuring India without Child Labour in Hazardous Sectors and Enhancing Employability through Employment Services and Skill Development on a Sustainable Basis


Improving the Working Conditions and Quality of Life of Workers through laying down and implementing Policies / Programmes / Schemes / Projects for providing Social Security and Welfare Measures, regulating Conditions of Work, Occupational Health and Safety of Workers, eliminating Child Labour from Hazardous Occupations and Processes, strengthening Enforcement of Labour Laws and promoting Skill Development and Employment Services.

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The Ministry of Labour & Employment is one of the oldest and important Ministries of the Government of India. The main responsibility of the Ministry is to protect and safeguard the interests of workers in general and those who constitute the poor, deprived and disadvantage sections of the society, in particular, with due regard to creating a healthy work environment for higher production and productivity and to develop and coordinate vocational skill training and employment services. Government’s attention is also focused on promotion of welfare and providing social security to the labour force both in organized and unorganized sectors, in tandem with the process of liberalization. These objectives are sought to be achieved through enactment and implementation of various labour laws, which regulate the terms and conditions of service and employment of workers. The State Governments are also competent to enact legislations, as labour is a subject in the concurrent list under the Constitution of India.

At present, there are 44 labour related statutes enacted by the Central Government dealing with minimum wages, accidental and social security benefits, occupational safety and health, conditions of employment, disciplinary action, formation of trade unions, industrail relations, etc.
  1. Enhancing Welfare and Social Security Provisions for Unorganised Sector Workers
  2. Providing Social Security to Organized Sector Workers
  3. Eliminating Child Labour from Hazardous Occupations and Processes
  4. Promoting Skill Development
  5. Strengthening Employment Services
  6. Prevention and Settlement of Industrial Disputes and Strengthening Labour Laws Enforcement Machinery
  7. Improving Safety Conditions and Safety of Workers
Outcome/ Impact of department/ ministry Jointly responsible for influencing this outcome / impact with the following department (s) / ministry(ies) Success Indicator Unit FY 11/12 FY 12/13 FY 13/14 FY 14/15 FY 15/16
1. Increase in availability of Health Insurance Coverage to Unorganized Sector Workers State Govts Percentage of Families covered under Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) from the pool of available 3.6 Crore BPL Families % 79.16 88.89 94.44 100 100
2. Enhanced availability of Social Security Coverage to Workers in Organized Sector State Govts Number of Persons covered under Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) Scheme No. in Crore 1.55 1.71 1.76 1.81 1.86
3. Reduction in Child Labour State Govts Number of Children enrolled in Special Schools under National Child Labour Project (NCLP) No. 45000 49068 52000 TBD TBD
4. Promoting Harmonious Industrial Relations   Percentage of Industrial Disputes in Central Sphere settled through Conciliation % 35 35 35 35 35
5. Providing training based on Modular Employable Skills (MES) framework under Skill Development Initiative (SDI) Training & Employment Directorates of States & UTs Number of persons to be trained under MES No. 212361 350000 535000 580000 680000


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