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Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation
An equitable, inclusive and sustainable civic sensitive growth of towns and cities free from slums, which provides adequate affordable housing, means of productive employment, dignity and a decent quality of life to all inhabitants, including the poor.
In coordination and cooperation with State Governments, Urban Local Bodies and other related Ministries; Provision of affordable housing for all and the creation of conditions that facilitate a continuous addition of adequate serviced land and housing to meet the identified need;To envisage a ‘Slum-free India' with inclusive and equitable cities in which every citizen has access to basic civic and social services and decent shelter. It aims to achieve this vision by encouraging States/Union Territories to tackle the problem of slums in a definitive manner, by a multi-pronged approach focusing on (i) bringing all existing slums, notified or non-notified within the formal system and enabling them to avail of the same level of basic amenities as the rest of the town (ii) redressing the failures of the formal system that lie behind the creation of slums; and (iii) tackling the shortages of urban land and housing that keep shelter out of reach of the urban poor and force them to resort to extra-legal solutions in a bid to retain their source of livelihood and employment.To reduce poverty and vulnerability of the urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful selfemployment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in an appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots level institutions of the poor.
The Ministry was constituted on 13th May, 1952 when it was known as the Ministry of Works, Housing & Supply. Subsequently it was renamed as Ministry of Works & Housing when a separate Ministry of Supplies came up. The name of the Ministry was changed to Ministry of Urban Development in September, 1985 in recognition of the importance of urban issues. With the creation of a separate Department of Urban Employment & Poverty Alleviation on 8th March, 1995, the Ministry came to be known as the Ministry of Urban Affairs & Employment. The Ministry had two Departments: Department of Urban Development & Department of Urban Employment & Poverty Alleviation. The two Departments were again merged on 9th April, 1999 and in consequence thereto, the name has also been restored to "The Ministry of Urban Development". This Ministry was bifurcated into two Ministries viz. (i) "Ministry of Urban Development" and (ii) "Ministry of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation" with effect from 16.10.1999. These two Ministries were again merged into one Ministry on 27.5.2000 and named as "Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation" with two Departments. They are (i) Department of Urban Development and (ii) Department of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation.
- Promotion of Affordable Housing.
- Improvement of Urban Livelihoods
- Formulation of Policy for ensuring legal entitlement to Slum Dwellers
- Slum free City programme for inclusive urban growth
- Improving affordability and accessibility of institutional finance by providing cheaper credit to EWS/LIG
- Providing shelters to urban homeless people
- Conversion of all reported dry latrines under Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme (ILCS)
- Reducing urban poverty by facilitating Skill Training & Generation of Employment to urban poor.
- Supporting support projects/ schemes for development of the North-Eastern Region including Sikkim.
- Slum Redevelopment
- Implementation of RAY and AHIP Scheme for inclusive urban growth
- National Urban Housing & Habitat Policy (NUHHP):2007
|Outcome/ Impact of department/ ministry||Jointly responsible for influencing this outcome / impact with the following department (s) / ministry(ies)||Success Indicator||Unit||FY 11/12||FY 12/13||FY 13/14||FY 14/15||FY 15/16|
|1. Reduction in housing shortage in urban areas||State Governments/ Urban Local Bodies / Private sector developers and Banks||Percentage reduction in urban housing shortage during the year||%||5%|
|2. Sanction of new affordable housing units under RAY and RRY|
|3. Making urban areas of the country dry latrine free through sanctions under ILCS||Sanctioning conversion of all reported dry latrines under ILCS by 31st March 2014||%||100|
|4. Reduction in urban poverty||State governments, Planning Commission and Central Ministries dealing with social sector||Reduction in number of urban poor families||No.||220000||300000||400000||500000||600000|
|5. Economic Empowerment of the Urban Poor||State governments, Planning Commission and Central Ministries dealing with social sector||Number of urban poor imparted skill training and placed / assisted for self-employment||No.||363670||275000||350000||400000||450000|
|6. Slum free India with inclusive and equitable cities||Central land owning Ministries, Planning Commission, Department of Expenditure, NHB, HUDCO, State Govts, ULBs, Financiers||10% reduction in housing shortage over 12th Five Year Plan period||%|