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Environment & Forests

Dr. V. Raja Gopalan

Secretary's Profile


Conservation of environment and natural resources for the present and future generations in a manner consistent with the aspirations of the country for growth and development


To plan, promote, coordinate and oversee the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes in order to protect the environment and maintain a balance between conservation and development activities

Departmental Website


The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) is the nodal agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of India's environmental and forestry policies and programmes.
The primary concerns of the Ministry are implementation of policies and programmes relating to conservation of the country's natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of animals, and the prevention and abatement of pollution. While implementing these policies and programmes, the Ministry is guided by the principle of sustainable development and enhancement of human well-being.
The Ministry also serves as the nodal agency in the country for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and for the follow-up of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The Ministry is also entrusted with issues relating to multilateral bodies such as the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), Global Environment Facility (GEF) and of regional bodies like Economic and Social Council for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) and South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) on matters pertaining to the environment.
  1. Afforestation and Regeneration of Degraded Forests
  2. Green India Mission
  3. Protection of Forests
  4. Conservation of River and Lakes
  5. In situ and Ex-situ Conservation of Fauna
  6. Ex-situ Conservation of Rare Endangered, Threatened (RET) and Endemic Plants and their multiplication
  7. To Increase Awareness among the People about Environmental Issues for their Participation in the Protection of Environment
  8. Survey, Identification and Documentation of Wild Plant Diversity of the Country and identification of new species
  9. Survey, Identification and Documentation of Wild Faunal Diversity of the Country and identification of new species
  10. Better Ambient Water and Air Quality
  11. To Improve Management of Hazardous Substances
  12. Better Environmental Governance
  13. (a) Coordination Implementation National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) (b) Guiding and coordinating preparation of State Action Plan on Climate Change by State
  14. To support Research in multi-disciplinary aspects of Environment in Identified thrust areas
  15. Conservation of the existing forests, wildlife and water resources and survey of various areas for identification of new species (Protection of Forests, Conservation of rivers, Biodiversity Conservation, Conservation of Wetlands, Wildlife Conservation, Cons ervation of resources in the eco-sensitive zone, Capacity building, training and research in classical and molecular taxonomy)
  16. Control of Pollution (Air, Water, Noise and Industrial pollution) (Better ambient water quality, Management of hazardous substances and Better Environmental governance)
  17. Increase the forest and tree cover to 33% of the geographical area of the country (Afforestation and regeneration of degraded Forests)
Outcome/ Impact of department/ ministry Jointly responsible for influencing this outcome / impact with the following department (s) / ministry(ies) Success Indicator Unit FY 11/12 FY 12/13 FY 13/14 FY 14/15 FY 15/16
1. Enhancing the provision of water in major streams State Governments/UTs, Ministry of Water Resources, Central Water Commission              
2. Increase in ground water level State Governments/UTs, Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Drinking Water, Central Water Commission              
3. Conserve and Sustainably use biodiversity resources
State Governments/ UTs, Ministry of Agriculture, Health & Family Welfare, Biotechnology, Rural Development,
Science and Technology, Tribal Affairs etc.
4. Improved forest and tree cover in the country Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, State Governments, Local Bodies              
5. Improved quality of water in identified water bodies Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and State Governments              
6. Control environmental pollution State Pollution Control Boards              


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