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Drinking Water & Sanitation

Mr. Pankaj Jain

Secretary's Profile


Safe drinking water and improved sanitation for all, at all times, in rural India. 


To ensure all rural households have access to and use safe and sustainable drinking water and improved sanitation facilities by providing support to States in their endeavour to provide these basic facilities and services.

Departmental Website

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India, formerly under the Ministry of Rural Development as Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, is presently headed by the Minster for Rural Development. The Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) was the first major intervention in the water sector that started in 1972-1973. To accelerate coverage, a Technology Mission on Drinking Water was launched in 1986. In 1991-92, this mission was renamed Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, and in 1999, the Department of Drinking Water Supply (DDWS) was formed under Ministry of Rural Development, for focused attention on drinking water and sanitation. The first major sector reform project (SRP) was started in the same year. Later was renamed as Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation in 2010 and in 2011, it was conferred the Ministry status, keeping in view the extreme importance given to the sector by the ruling government. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation is the nodal department for the overall policy, planning, funding and coordination of programmes of drinking water and sanitation in the country.

  1. Enable all rural households to have access to and use adequate safe drinking water
  2. Enable all households to have access to and use toilets;
  3. Ensure all government schools and anganwadis have functional toilets, urinals and access to safe drinking water
  4. Ensuring Sustainability of Drinking Water Sources and Systems
  5. Provide enabling environment for Panchayati Raj Institutions, Gram Panchayats/Village Water & Sanitation Commitees, other local communities, Self Help Groups and other groups to manage their own drinking water sources and systems, and sanitation in their villages
  6. Provide access to information through online reporting mechanism with information placed in public domain to bring in transperency and informed decision making process
  7. Enable rural communities to monitor and keep surveillance on their drinking water sources;
Outcome/ Impact of department/ ministry Jointly responsible for influencing this outcome / impact with the following department (s) / ministry(ies) Success Indicator Unit FY 11/12 FY 12/13 FY 13/14 FY 14/15 FY 15/16
Improved access to safe and sustainable drinking water
State Governments
Ministry of Water Resources; CGWB;
Deptt. of Rural Development(DoRD);
Planning Commission; Department of Expenditure Department of Land Resources;
Ministry Of Health;
Ministry of Environment & Forests;
Ministry of Agriculture
Rural Population having access to safe and adequate drinking water (Percentage of habitations as per IMIS) % 73 74 76 78 80
    Rural population with piped water supply (As per IMIS) % 38 41.75 45.75 50 54
    Rural habitations with drinking water sources free of chemical contamination % 94.3 96.8 97 98.5 99
    Govt. rural schools with drinking water supply % 96 98 100 100 100
Improved sustainability of drinking water
Ministry of Water Resources,  Department of Rural Development, Dept. of Land Resources, Ministry of
Environment & Forests
Number of sustainability structures benefiting drinking water sources constructed No. 35860 20000 20000 20000 20000
Enabling all rural household to achieve total sanitation
State Govt. Dept., Dept of Rural Development(DoRD), Planning Commission, State Govt. Dept., Min of Human Resource Development, State Govt. Dept., Min of Women and Child Development
Percentage sanitation coverage against project objectives in rural areas. % 62.25 69.25 74.25 81.97 89.93
    Percentage sanitation coverage in Government Schools in Rural areas against project objectives identified % 83.80 89.01 94.83 100 -
Percentage sanitation coverage in Government Anganwadis in Rural areas against project objectives
% 75.57 76.93 82.54 100 -
    State Govt. Dept., DoRD, Planning Commission % 11.15 19.11 27.07 35.04 43


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